Cambridge Self Guided Walking Tour and Printable Map
Situated north of Boston on the banks of the Charles River, Cambridge was settled by English Puritans in 1630. The two cities became inexorably linked when bridges that spanned the river were constructed in 1793 and 1809. Named in honor of the University of Cambridge, the city is home to the renowned universities Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The city has several neighborhoods and plazas, including the famous Harvard Square where visitors can shop, picnic and tour the campuses. City green spaces include MIT’s Great Lawn, Harvard Yard and Mount Auburn Cemetery, which was the first garden cemetery and oldest planned landscaping in the country. The site is an Important Bird Area. Other popular green spaces include the John F. Kennedy Park, the Alewife Brook Reservation, the Minuteman Trail and the Cambridge Common, which has memorials commemorating the Revolutionary War, the Irish Famine and Presidents Washington and Lincoln.
In addition to the world-renowned colleges, Cambridge is home to numerous cultural and historical landmarks. The Harvard Museum of Natural History displays a variety of gems, dinosaur skeletons and the famous Blaschka collection of glass flowers as well as a variety of birds and animals. Western art from the medieval period to the present is displayed in the Fogg Art Museum. The Peabody Museum is one of the oldest institutions of its kind in the world. This anthropology museum has one of the most comprehensive records of human civilization in the Western Hemisphere. The Sackler Gallery boasts a wonderful collection of ancient, Asian, Indian and Islamic art. The residence on 105 Brattle Street is where George Washington assumed control of the Continental Army and coordinated the forces during the Siege of Boston.