Today, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is a major subsidiary of a holding company by the name NYSE Euronext, which operates in 5 countries. It is a leading operator of financial markets, and is recognized worldwide for providing groundbreaking trading technologies. The exchanges of company are located in the United States as well as Europe, which trade fixed income, options, futures, equities and exchange traded products.
Historians trace back the origin of the exchange to 1792, when a small group of young stock agents validated an agreement under a buttonwood tree in Wall Street. At that time, only five securities traded in, the first one being the Bank of New York itself.
The New York Stock Exchange was officially founded in 1817, but was originally named as New York Stock and Exchange Board. Gradually, the complex grew and included over 2,800 companies, the combined value of whose went beyond $15 trillion.
The exchange had to close the doors a few times due to unfortunate incidents in the beginning of World War I. In 1929, development programs were introduced for the stock exchange, which also forced the authorities to develop new recovery systems for the complex in case of a crash. The exchange was registered in 1934 with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
Unfortunately, the NYSE doesn't provide public access, which is why visitors can just see it from outside. Alternatively, they can visit the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in Wall Street.